R.I.P…. India’s Influence in Nepal नोभेम्बर 27, 2015Posted by timecircle in Uncategorized.
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India’s “unofficial” blockade of goods on its side of the Nepal border has successfully shown New Delhi’s muscles to its neighbor. However, this act of punishing Nepal for not addressing India’s concerns in its new constitution appears to be the first act in a diplomatic suicide.
Nepal’s border with India has been blocked for more than two months, and is being referred to as another “disaster” following the April 25 earthquake, which killed more than 10,000 people and destroyed hundreds of thousands of houses. The blockade has choked imports of not only petroleum, but also medicines and earthquake relief material.
New Delhi has blamed violent protests by Nepal’s ethnic Madhesi activists over their displeasure with federal boundaries and representation in parliament and public office, as provided for in the new constitution. The Madhesh region in southern Nepal is home to people of Indian origin, many of whom still have relatives and friends across the border in India.
New Delhi had told Kathmandu, through a leaked document, that it wanted Nepal’s constitution to address the concerns of the Madhesi people. India was also hoping that Nepal would either be reinstated as a Hindu nation or drop the word “secular” from its charter. But Nepal’s lawmakers didn’t oblige, and believe they are now being “disciplined” by “big brother.”
The blockade is fuelling anti-India sentiment across the country, barring Madhesh. This growing aversion to India is not just a social phenomenon, it also becoming a political reality.
Before the blockade, two of Nepal’s largest parties – the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) – were widely seen as sympathetic to India’s interests. In the current Constituent Assembly, the two parties together have 371 of the 601 seats. Today, the two are not counted among India’s friends. Meanwhile, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), which has 80 parliamentary seats, was never pro-India. The Rashtriya Prajatantra Party-Nepal, a right-wing Hindu party with 24 seats, which unsuccessfully demanded that the country be reinstated as a Hindu nation – echoing the desire of India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party – has publicly criticized New Delhi after the blockade.
The math is simple, at least 475 of the 601 Nepal’s lawmakers agree with a hashtag that has trended in their country, “back off India.”
Parties in India’s favor include the Terai Madhes Democratic Party with 11 seats, the Federal Socialist Forum-Nepal with 15 seats, the Sadbhawana Party with 6 seats, and the Terai Madhes Sadbhawana Party-Nepal with 3 seats, among a few other small parties.
This should be a serious concern for India.
New Delhi has long enjoyed tremendous influence in Nepal, not just because of the latter’s economic dependence, but more importantly because of the numerous influential local friends New Delhi had cultivated over the last few decades. It was said – until recently and privately – that Nepal doesn’t take any significant political decision without India’s approval.
Like regional powers elsewhere in the world, India apparently exploited local disputes to achieve its diplomatic goals with the help of its local friends, who do not necessarily hurt their own nation’s interests but willingly receive foreign help in matters that can be of mutual gain.
It was no coincidence that whoever – be it King Gyanendra or Maoist leader Prachanda – sought to counterbalance India’s influence in Nepal with that of China, lost power.
It’s common knowledge that Nepal’s political parties, including the Maoists, had Indian help in abolishing the monarchy in 2006. King Gyanendra allegedly sought China’s help in taking in fighting the Maoist, who waged a civil war against the monarchy. It is also widely believed that Prachanda had to resign as prime minister in May 2009 because then President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav, a leader of the Nepali Congress, took a stand against Prachanda in his conflict with the then army chief. Prachanda’s mistake was that he visited Beijing before paying a visit to New Delhi.
A more suitable example could be the 1989 blockade imposed by then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, supposedly due to Kathmandu’s growing closeness with China, as was seen in Nepal’s procurement of Chinese anti-aircraft guns at the time. As a result, New Delhi managed to persuade Nepal to drop the party-less panchayat system, paving the way for political parties-led governance, though still under the monarchy. The people of Nepal were also against the panchayat system, and, more importantly, the Nepali Congress led the movement for the new political system, which was more reassuring to New Delhi.
A New Policy?
However, the political circumstances in Nepal have now changed. The sense of sovereignty among the people and political leaders has naturally increased, now that Nepal has a constitution.
Moreover, it’s only Madhesi leaders who are calling for a constitutional amendment. The Nepali Congress and the Marxist-Leninist party – both of which were seen as pro-India until the blockade – agreed to the provisions of the constitution, or perhaps they had no other option given that there were deep ideological divisions in the Constituent Assembly and the new charter emerged from trade-offs between parties.
If we give the benefit of the doubt to the Indian government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, New Delhi may have had reason to react. Perhaps Modi’s government kept its promise, namely that it would not seek to micro-manage Nepal’s internal affairs. However, Modi remains as adamant in achieving India’s diplomatic goals as his predecessors. So the message that the blockade has sent to Nepal is, “We won’t interfere as long as you do what we say.” It is a message that hasn’t gone well with Nepal’s leaders.
India now may revert to its older ways of seeking to play a behind-the-scenes role in securing its interests in Nepal. But the problem is, New Delhi has few friends left to help with the meddling.
Courtesy: The Diplomat (http://thediplomat.com/2015/11/r-i-p-indias-influence-in-nepal/)
म्याग्दी नोभेम्बर 27, 2015Posted by timecircle in Uncategorized.
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सुटुक्क ‘मालढुङ्गा’बाट बेनी छिरेर
‘महारानीथान’मा टिका लगाई
‘गलेश्वर’मा धुनी बाल्दा,
कालीगण्डकीमा प्रसाद बगाई
हनुमान नाचमा बेनी रङ्गदिा,
‘पूनहिल’मा आंखा लडाई
‘घोरेपानी’मा निलगीरीसंग प्रेम गांस्दै
‘तातोपानी’मा विश्राम लिंदा,
लालीगुरांसले घुम्टो ओढ्दा,
तामाका गाग्री ताउला
खाट दराज सिर्मुका
‘रुम’ले दाईजो दिंदा,
‘गुर्जा’ले बुकीफुल हिउंको
सिरमा चटक्क सिउरेर
‘मुदी’को असला माछा
‘दरवाङ्ग’मा भतेर लगाउंदा,
‘रघु’ माथी ‘दग्नाम’को भिरमा
हत्केला माथी मुटु राखी
‘चिमखोला’ले अङ्गालो मार्दा,
भर्खर बिहे भएकी
नयां बेहुली झैं लाग्यो ।।
आहुती नोभेम्बर 22, 2015Posted by timecircle in Uncategorized.
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आफैं थाकेको छु
अर्काबाट हेपिएको छु
आफन्तबाट टाढिएको छु
लोभ नै लोभको दलदलमा गाडिएको छु
यस्तो वेला एक तमासको बेखुशी
छत्किएर छाती, झेल्छु गरुङ्गो बेहोशी
यस्तै वेला त काम लाग्छ
तिमीले उपहारमा दिएको बांसुरी
बजाउन त जानीन
धूनमात्र पक्डेको छु
सजाएको छु मन मन्दिरमा,
छटपटी भएको वेला
वाटो अल्मलिएको वेला
म उचाल्छु मेरा औंलाहरुमा
फुक्न थाल्छु स्वाधिनताका नारा
गुनगुनाउंछु बिर पूर्खाको गाथा
र गाईरहन्छु निराशलाग्दा
तर शान्तीका गितहरु ।
२८ सेप्टेम्वर २००७
हिउँ नोभेम्बर 3, 2015Posted by timecircle in Uncategorized.
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तलतल सम्म झरोस् हिउँ
र हाम्रो समयमा ।
यो हिउँ परोस्
हाम्रा टाउका र केशहरूमा
हाम्रा नाङ्गा काँधहरूमा
र जमुन् हाम्रा हृदयहरू
अब हेरौँ हामी
सेतो र स्वच्छ संसारलाई
हाम्रा कोइलाझै काला आँखाहरूले।
(मूल फारसीबाट कवि स्वयम्ले गरेको अङ्ग्रेजी अनुवादबाट सुमन पोखरेलद्वारा अनुदित)